Types of Cybercrime: Definition & Examples

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Cybercrime is usually called computer-oriented criminal activity that uses or targets a network, computer system or network device. It is constantly evolving with new threats popping up every year. In order to keep you safe from cybercrime, you need to know about the types of cybercrime.

In this article, we have defined the most common types of cybercrime. This article will help you know what dangers you need to know about protecting yourself in the online medium.

Categories of cybercrime

Cybercrime can be divided into the following three categories:

A crime against a person

This category of cybercrime usually includes one person who may be spreading malware or suspicious information on the Internet. Other than that, crimes against people may include identity theft, cyberbullying, theft, forgery, distribution of child pornography, credit card fraud and so on.

Crime against property

This category of cybercrime includes crimes that occur against property, such as a computer or network. Cybercriminals can steal a person’s bank or credit card information, gain access to funds, make online purchases or carry out phishing attacks to retrieve a person’s information, etc. These crimes usually include hacking, DDoS attacks, cyber and typing attacks, spreading viruses, and copyright infringement. , and so.

A crime against the government

This category of cybercrime includes crimes that take place against the government. These crimes are the most serious offense. It is also known as cyber terrorism. Typically, these crimes are committed by the terrorists or by governments of enemy countries. These crimes include access to confidential information, hacking, cyber warfare, pirated software, etc.

Types of cybercrime

There are different types of cybercrime, but all types of cybercrime of this type are included in the following three situations:

A crime in which the computer acts as a weapon
A crime where the computer is an accessory to crime
A crime in which the computer device is the target

These are the situations that create the type of cybercrime. These crimes distinguish between cyber crimes and traditional crimes.

Let’s discuss the most common types of cybercrime:

  • List of types of cybercrime [Show/ Hide List]
Types of Cybercrime -


A phishing attack involves attackers sending a number of spam with attachments or malicious links. Once a recipient clicks on a link, he / she may be redirected to a malicious website that will ask the recipient to respond with confidential information, such as credentials, billing information, etc. This type of attack may also occur through text messages, websites, or even social media platforms.


Hacking is a type of cybercrime in which an intruder gains access to a number of functions or wholes in a system without your permission. Hackers (people who break in) Tend to be computer programmers and have an advanced understanding of computers. However, they misuse this knowledge to carry out illegal activities, such as accessing corporate and government accounts, and stealing their financial data or other important information.

Computer viruses

Computer virus is one of the most destructive types of attacks where cybercriminals gain unauthorized access to the system and steal personal information and other important data. Most often, computer viruses are connected to infected software that spreads across other installed software. Viruses can reach your system through removable devices and the Internet. Without proper scanning and removal from your system, the next time you run your system, the viruses will run again.

recommended: Types of computer viruses


Ransomware is one of the most popular types of malware-based attacks. It enters through a computer network on a local machine and encrypts files using public key encryption. This means that you can not access encrypted files and the information stored in them. The cybercriminal will then ask for a ransom (money) to open the files and return your data.

DDoS attacks

God DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) An attack is a blatant attempt by cybercriminals to overthrow a system or network temporarily or completely. It floods a system with multiple connection requests that it can not handle. In addition, you may get spam coming from various sources. This eventually leads to server overload. DDoS attacks are used as a distraction technique to allow cybercriminals to break into the system in the meantime.


Botic networks are networks from complex computers that are externally controlled by remote attackers, known as’Shepherds‘. Attackers target other computers and send spam or malware by using these bot networks. This type of cybercrime is usually committed against businesses and governments because bot networks are primarily targeted at the entire IT infrastructure.


This type of cybercrime involves a person tracking a cybercriminal online. The follower will follow the target person virtually, including all activities. Then, the follower may harass the victim by using social media platforms, emails or websites etc. CyberStoker first try to get to know their victims as much as possible and then make them feel fearful or worried about their safety. In most cases, cybercrimes of this type are committed against women and children by single men and pedophiles.

identity theft

Identity theft is a specific type of cybercrime in which attackers gain access to the victim’s personal information, including passwords, financial accounts, credit cards and other confidential information. In most cases, cybercriminals use this information to steal money from your accounts, without your knowledge. In addition, cybercriminals may use your information to commit a crime or claim government benefits, and make others think it’s you.


PUPs is an acronym for ‘Plans that may be unwanted‘. These are not considered particularly threatening compared to other types of cybercrime. These are just a type of malware that automatically removes important software from your computer system. In addition, PUPs can also remove or modify the default search engines in browsers. They can involve adware and spyware; Therefore, it is recommended to use antivirus software to prevent malicious downloads.

Social engineering

This type of cybercrime involves direct contact of criminals with the victim via phone, emails or even in person. Cybercriminals first try to gain trust and then they steal confidential information like passwords, financial account data, etc. In most cases, cybercriminals act like the customer service agent of any legitimate company and seek the important information. Once they get the information they want, they may sell your information or try to steal money from your accounts.

Scams / Online Scams

These are crimes that include spam advertisements or emails that offer big prizes or large sums of money. These suggestions are presented in such a way that they look very real. Once users click on these malicious advertisements or links, the malware reaches their system and corrupts the information.

Utilization kits

Utilization kits are ready-made tools designed by advanced programmers. These tools include vulnerabilities (bugs in program codes) that help gain access to a victim’s computer after deployment. Cybercriminals can purchase online exploitation kits and use them against various users. Utilization kits get frequent upgrades just like the other software. These kits are usually purchased through hacking forums.

Prohibited / illegal content

This is a specific type of cybercrime that involves the sharing of offensive and inappropriate content across virtual platforms. Cybercriminals distribute offensive materials to make people feel hatred towards other people, religions or countries, etc. Offensive content can include, among other things, videos of criminal activities, sexual activities between adults, videos with intense violence, etc. In addition, it can also contain illegal content such as terrorist-supported materials or child-exploiting materials.


This cybercrime involves criminals who use electronic messaging systems to send messages to users. These messages usually consist of malware, fake website links and other malware. Spam is one of the common spam methods in which bulk messages are sent to a large number of users. These messages include deals and promotions from trusted companies to entice users to click on the attachments or fake links.


Malvertising involves criminals filling sites with a number of advertisements that contain malicious codes or links. Once users click on these advertisements, they will be redirected to fake sites that look like trusted sites. Users will send the personal details with the thought that they are legitimate. This information will reach even more attackers. Furthermore, websites can start automatically downloading files that contain viruses and other malware.

Software piracy

There are many websites that reproduce original content such as songs, movies, books, games and other software. It falls under the Cybercrime Act because it translates to copyright infringement. Software piracy greatly affects companies and developers as dual products lead to a huge reduction in their overall revenue.


Cyberbullying is one of the biggest crimes taking place in the virtual world. This is a type of cyberbullying. However, global leaders are aware of this crime and pass laws and legislation that prevent the spread of cyber attacks.

How to fight cybercrime

Today, almost all devices (such as smartphones, tablets and computers) are connected to the Internet. Cybercriminals may use the device to gain access to personal information, business information, confidential government information, etc. Therefore, knowledge is needed about contraception that can be taken to fight cybercrime.

Types of Cybercrime - How to Fight Cybercrime

Here are some tips to help you protect your computer and personal data:

Use antivirus software and keep it up to date.
Update the operating system and other software installed.
Do not install software from untrusted sources.
Be careful when browsing the site.
Make sure the sites are safe and genuine before entering any credentials.
Always use strong 14+ character passwords, including uppercase and lowercase letters and numbers.
Mark and report suspicious emails and do not open attachments.
Do not click on unfamiliar links or ads.
Do not share suspicious information by digital means unless you are absolutely sure it is safe.
Use a VPN service whenever possible.
Keep an eye on your bank statements and other financial accounts.


There can be different ways and types of cybercrime that attackers can use. The only way to protect yourself is to educate yourself about the different types of cybercrime and how you can prevent them. Once you are a victim of cybercrime, there is no easy way to get rid of it.



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