Whether you are an experienced developer or just getting started, if you want to excel in this field, you must continually improve your skills to be relevant. Here are some of the most important skills for developers to learn this year.
Of course, you will not need them all and this list is not exhaustive. But it should give you a good idea of what to learn next or what to improve.
1. Coding practice every day
Practice coding every day – even if it’s only for 30 minutes. It will help you learn and improve your development skills. It will also help you stay fit and learn new technology.
2. Learn to be a good communicator (both in writing and speaking)
You do not have to be fluent in English, but you do need proper communication skills to ensure that customers understand what you are saying. You do not want to lose a customer because he has not been able to understand your language in meetings, emails or even on the phone. Writing clean code is also an important ability that will set you apart from other developers.
3. Practice object-oriented design principles
Even if you are new to programming, knowing OOP will pay off in the long run. It will also make it much easier for you to read other people’s code, which is essential when dealing with other engineers and team members.
4. Learn how to effectively use version control systems (eg Git).
Version control systems are essential for any developer working on multiple projects simultaneously or collaborating with other developers on projects. You can learn how to use Git by reading this book.
5. Improve your problem-solving skills
Software development is a complex field. During your career you will be exposed to many different problems and tasks. Make sure you can solve them effectively by learning how to think like a key.
6. Learn how to use design tools such as Photoshop, Sketch and Illustrator
Good looking websites and apps are essential if you want to create high quality products that users love. While you can learn how to design using tutorials and YouTube videos, you will usually need formal training in this area when you start working on real projects.
7. Continue learning new technologies and languages
Do not get stuck on one pile! Learning new languages and frameworks will help you stay active in this industry. If you have had the same cartridge for a long time, then there is a good chance that your skills will become obsolete over time. Always try to stay up to date with the latest technologies used by leading developers around the world.
8. Learn at least one scripting language (eg Python)
Scripting languages are useful for automating repetitive tasks. Even if you do not want to be a full-time developer, scripts can make your life as a software engineer easier.
9. Learn how to write clean and maintainable code
You will need to devote significant time to reading other people’s code. You will have a hard time grasping what happens if the code is not clean. As a result, you need to develop your own clean, readable code. Writing unit tests is one technique for improving your coding capabilities (e.g. using JUnit). This will help in early detection of bugs in the development stage. Also, try to keep your methods short so that they are easier to read later when you need to go back and fix something in the project you wrote months ago.
10. You can think ahead and plan how a feature should work before you start developing it
It takes time to move from writing an initial idea for a feature / product / bug fix until this feature is ready for the market. You need to be able to think ahead and make sure everything fits in properly throughout this process (and beyond). This includes planning with your team members, asking users what they want, talking to stakeholders about their requirements, and so on. Do not just start coding things without thinking first!
11. Learn how to apply the security measures properly
There is a lot of information on security, and it is easy to get confused and overwhelmed. Make sure you do not focus only on obvious things like “make sure your password is strong enough” and learn more about security threats and how to fix them.
12. Do not be afraid to ask questions
Asking questions is a great way to learn. One of the biggest mistakes you can make is to assume you know everything. Many developers tend to think that asking for help is a sign of weakness, but it is actually a sign of strength. If you do not understand something, ask someone yes, and then try to understand it yourself. This will help you gain a deeper understanding of the subject in question.
13. Learn how to work with different environments (Mac, Linux, Windows)
You do not have to be an expert on all platforms, but you need to know how they work and what their pros and cons are. Also, knowing how different development environments work will allow you to save time while switching between them. For example, developing an Android app on Windows or Mac will force you to change your workflow because the process is quite different from using Linux or Ubuntu.
14. Practice couple programming regularly with your teammates (or others)
Double programming means two people working together on one computer at a time – one person sitting behind the keyboard and writing code while the other person watches and gives feedback / suggestions / code reviews etc.
Couples programming has many benefits, including a better understanding of the problem area, sharing knowledge and ideas between team members, faster debugging, etc. It also allows developers to feel comfortable with each other through constant communication and helps team members build trust in each other, which greatly improves teamwork.
15. Understand design patterns (solid principles and object-oriented design patterns)
You do not have to know every single pattern by heart, but understanding what they are will help you immensely as a software developer. Object-oriented design patterns are used over and over again in different frameworks and technologies so that their understanding will be most useful for your work as a software developer.
SOLID principles guide us when writing code:
- Principle of sole responsibility
- Open / closed principle
- The principle of replacing Liskov
- Principle of interface separation
- Dependence reversal principle
16. Learn how to deal with change as a software developer
When working on new projects or even when working with existing code bases, things change from time to time (and not always because we want them to). You need to constantly adapt to these changes if you intend to continue to be productive in this business. If you can not cope well with the change, you will end up stuck with outdated skills that will no longer help you much.
17. Learn how to put yourself in the shoes of others
This is a useful skill in the software development industry. You need to learn how to see things through the eyes of your client and try to understand what he wants or needs. You need to communicate with them and make sure you provide what they want.
18. Learn about business processes and soft skills
It does not matter if you work for yourself or for another company. You need to understand business processes and soft skills like communication, time management, problem solving and more. These are all essential skills that will make you stand out from other developers who know nothing about this stuff.
19. Learn how to deal with deadlines
Everyone understands that sometimes projects come from others and deadlines can be missed. As developers, you need to learn to meet deadlines by dividing your projects into smaller checkpoints that you can mark as you go. This will allow you to work more efficiently and on schedule.
20. Learn how to learn new technologies quickly
Developers, as previously stated, must keep up to date and master new technologies quickly. It involves learning new languages as well as new frameworks or libraries that can help you solve challenges more effectively. It is critical to understand not only the technology, but also why it is superior to others.
If you do not understand something or there is something that is not clear to you, ask questions! Do not be afraid to look stupid because if someone does not understand something, he will never completely control it!