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10 User UI Components That Developers Need to Know

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We know that as a UI designer or web developer, it is essential that you have an in-depth understanding of UI components and how end users interact with them.

It helps you design a more user-friendly application or website structure.

User interface (UI) components are used as the basis for all applications.

They are the bits we use to create apps or websites and they are made up of high-end building blocks known as components.

User interface components are the most important part of a software application because they provide contact points for users to enter and output data and navigate the interface, making it more interactive.

An in-depth glossary of user interface components

Most of us spend a lot of our day interacting with interfaces.

We learn about popular user interface components by spending time with our favorite apps or pieces of software we use at work. We learn how to use them and how to interact with them.

We immediately know what to do with them and what their functions are, even when we see them in new apps or sites.

This is why knowing user interface components will help you identify opportunities to incorporate them into your designs, resulting in clear and simple interfaces.

When designing your interface, strive to keep your choices in the interface components consistent and predictable.

And that can be a challenge. This is why developers rely on ready-made user interface component libraries, such as Sencha Ext JS, To create modern web applications faster across multiple platforms.

Users have become accustomed to factors acting in a certain way, whether they are aware of it or not. Selective use of those elements when appropriate will help complete a task, efficiency and enjoyment.

User interface components that developers need to know

  • Navigation components: bread crumbs, slider, search bar, layout, tags and icons
  • Informative components: tooltips, alerts, message boxes, progress bars and modal windows
  • Input components: check boxes, radio buttons, drop-down lists, list boxes, switches, text fields, and date fields

1. Check box

A check box in the user interface design is exactly what it sounds like – a small, square box on the screen that a user can check or uncheck.

When you click the check box, it is highlighted with a small check mark.

Checkboxes allow users to select one or more options from a list of options, with each checkbox behaving independently. Check boxes are usually displayed in a vertical list.

2. Carousel

The most significant benefit of using user interface design turnstiles is that they allow multiple pieces of content to share the same space on a page or screen.

Users can scroll through content collections, such as image carousels, to browse through a collection of products or images and select one if they wish.

The content is usually hyperlinked.

3. A drop-down menu

Users can select one thing from a list of options using drop-down menus.

You can save space by using them. For enhanced UX, some help label and text are required as a placeholder.

“Select one”, “Select” and so on help users understand what action is required.

Drop-down lists are similar to select buttons in that they allow users to select one item at a time, but the latter is more compact, allowing you to save space.

4. Cards

Cards are a great user interface design solution if you want to get the most out of your free space and give users multiple choices without forcing them to browse the list.

They are small rectangular or square modules that act as a gateway to more extensive information in the form of buttons, text, rich media and so on, and are extremely important nowadays.

5. Modal

A modal window is a small box that appears on top of the app content and contains content or a message that needs to be interacted with before it can be turned off and continued to interact.

It can be used as a selection element when there are many options to select or filter items in a list, among others.

Consider the last time you deleted something from your phone. A modal pop-up is helpful to get users to be aware and ask for approval if you really want to remove something.

This is a technique for displaying content on top of a layer.

6. Messages

These little points can be found throughout today’s interface.

They are usually used to focus users’ attention on something new to see and announce the completion of an activity, as well as an error message or warning.

They are essential for users nowadays because they rely on them to see when someone has liked their posts or when a process has been successfully completed.

7. The search bar

In most cases, a search bar consists of two user interface components: an input field and a button. It can appear as a toolbar or as part of the main text.

Search fields are usually described as input fields with a magnifying glass inside them.

They allow users to enter information they want to find within the system.

Users type a term or phrase (query) and index it, and the system returns the most relevant results.

8. Bread crumbs

These trail links, known as bread crumbs, are usually located at the top of a website and allow users to see their current location as well as the following pages.

Users can also switch between steps by clicking on breadcrumbs, as they provide a click trail of consecutive pages to help users navigate.

9. Alert

An alert is a short and important alert that is displayed to the user.

These statuses and outputs are passed to users as alerts, which display information or collect data from users via input.

An alert appears on the content of the application and must be manually removed by the user before the application can be used again. It can contain a title, subheading and message if you wish.

10. Radio buttons

Select buttons, sometimes confused with check boxes, are small, circular elements that allow users to select one item at a time from a list.

What is important to remember is that users can only select one choice, not multiple alternatives as they do with checkboxes.

Gender selection selection on registration forms is a common use case for selection buttons.

Last thoughts

Here, we discussed why it is essential to understand user interface components and how users interact with them.

From receiver to output and assistance components, we covered everything you need to know as a designer, you need to keep your user interface components understood and working properly.

Now that you know what common user interface components are and how they work, it’s time to use your new knowledge.

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