Difference between Hardware and Software


A computer system (also called a desktop) is usually classified into two parts, namely hardware and software. Both of these sections are necessary for the computer system to function properly. Although the two terms appear to be similar,
There are significant differences between hardware and software.

Before we compare hardware and software, let’s first understand both with their brief definitions:

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What is hardware?

Hardware refers to devices or physical components that are physically connected to a computer. Tangible hardware devices that help set up a computer system. Hardware alone cannot function to serve the purpose. They are connected together to function properly. Input devices, output devices, storage devices, processing devices, and other internal components are examples of hardware in a computer system.

Some hardware devices can be touched and seen directly, while others are assembled inside the computer case (called the CPU in general; however, it is not). Hardware devices or components are usually classified as
internal and
external Hardware, depending on whether we can see and touch such devices directly or indirectly. for example,
Is internal hardware while the keyboard is external hardware.

What is software?

Software refers to a collection of data, instructions, programs, or rules that instruct a computer system or electronic components to work efficiently and achieve the desired outputs. Specifically, the software is developed using various programming codes and executed using a computer processor.

The software allows hardware devices to communicate and allows users to control inputs and outputs. It helps the hardware function of the computer. Also, the software can help users perform a specific task depending on the type of software. Google Chrome,
VLC, Word, Excel are some popular software examples.

Hardware vs. Software: Key Differences

Let us detail some of the main differences between hardware and software:

Hardware refers to the physical components of the computer that are used to store and run / run the software, while software refers to a set of instructions given to the computer to control the hardware to perform a particular task.

The hardware is classified into input, output, storage, and external components. Furthermore, the software is classified into system software and application software.

The hardware usually wears out over time, while the software does not. But, the software can deal with bugs and glitches.

Electrical hardware cannot be moved from one place to another, whereas software can be electrically transmitted with network access.

It is known that the hardware only understands language at the machine level. In contrast, the software takes input in human-readable languages, then interprets it in machine-level language and sends it to hardware for further processing.

Examples of hardware are keyboard, mouse, monitor, speakers, webcam, hard disk, etc. Besides, the examples of software are MS Word, Excel, Photoshop, Windows OS, Linux etc.

The difference between hardware and software

The difference between hardware and software

Let’s discuss the differences between hardware and software side by side using the following comparison table (in table form):

hardware software
Hardware refers to Physical components of a computer That help set up a computer system and execute instructions. Software refers to Set of instructions That helps users interact with computer components and instruct the processor to perform the specified or specified tasks.
Hardware devices are produced Use of electronic components and other materials. Software is Write Using different programming languages ​​like Java, Python etc.
Since the hardware is of a physical nature, we can Touch and see The hardware. Software is not physical in nature and Can not touch. However, it is Can be viewed digitally On the computer.
Hardware is usually classified as Input devices, output devices, storage and internal components. Software is usually classified as System software and application software.
Because of its physical nature, its hardware Will play with time. Despite the software Not physically damaged, It can be damaged due to glitches and bugs.
hardware Not contagious By computer viruses. software Can be infected With computer viruses, malware, Trojans, etc.
If damaged, the hardware can be Physically replaced With a brand new component or part. If infected, the software can be Reinstalled using the installer Or from a backup.
Hardware devices Can not move From one place to another tram Via a network. They must be physically moved. software Can be moved easily From one computer to another via a network.
Hardware devices help Machine-level process operations. Software mostly helps Control hardware and deliver results Based on the task given to the computer.
Hardware is called tangible. Say about the software Intangible In the traditional sense. However, it can also be considered as a tangible asset based on certain accounting standards.
hardware Failures are usually caused by overheating, dust, etc.. software Failures are usually caused by overload, systematic error, large-small version error, etc..
The hardware is Depends on the software And starts working after loading the software. Because the software runs on a computer system and controls the hardware components, it cannot function without hardware. Hence, the software is also Depends on the hardware One way or another.
Examples of hardware include Mouse, keyboard, speaker, webcam, scanner, printer, etc.. Examples of comprehensive software Excel, Word, PowerPoint, VLC, Google Chrome, Microsoft Windows OS etc..

What is the main difference between hardware and software?

The essential difference between hardware and software is that hardware can be treated as the physical components of a computer system, while software can be treated as a system of instructions instructing a computer system or hardware components to operate and perform specific tasks or functions.

NoteA: Both hardware and software are interdependent and essential for the proper functioning of the computer system. However, not all hardware and software are required.

Understanding hardware and software with an example

System software, such as an operating system, creates an interface between the computer hardware and the user. The operating system controls all the basic functions such as hardware, memory management, process management, file management, management of I / O devices, etc. Using this interface, users can interact with hardware devices and give instructions to the system. Users can install specific application software to perform specific tasks such as
Photo editing, video processing, opening media files, etc..

Hardware and software

There are many examples of both hardware and software. However, we have discussed some of the most common below:

Hardware examples

A wide variety of hardware is used in computers. Here are some key types of computer hardware:

RAMRAM or random access memory is a type of hardware and acts as the main memory of the computer for the temporary storage of current data (or continuous data) so that it can be easily and quickly accessed by the processor. This volatile The memory and data stored in it are lost when the power supply is disconnected.

ROM: ROM or read-only memory is a
Not volatile A volume that stores essential computer data such as firmware. The data stored on the ROM is read-only and almost impossible to modify by the user. It saves the stored data even after the power is turned off. It gives read access to the computer’s processor to write / load boot data and system files to the main memory.

ProcessorA: The CPU or central processing unit is called the computer’s brain. This is one of the main components of a computer system and includes the
Control Unit (CU) And
Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU). It processes instructions and handles other computer calculations and logical operations. CPU is also known as CPU, CPU, Microprocessor and Chip.

Motherboard: The motherboard is the main one
Printed circuit board (PCB) In a computerized system. It typically presses on most important computer components, including CPU, RAM, ROM, connectors, and ports for input, output, and storage devices. It is assembled inside a computer case along with other electronic chip components.

Keyboard mouseA: These are the main input devices that allow users to enter data into a computer system. The keyboard consists of a number of keys that help to enter alphabet letters, numbers, symbols and other information. The mouse acts as a pointing and clicking device, which helps move the cursor and select specific objects on the computer screen (also called

Hardware examples

The image above shows hardware or other popular components.

Software examples

Computers use a wide variety of software. Here are the two main types of software on your computer that can be used to categorize all software:

System software: The system software includes the set of core programs and settings that help operate a computer system. System software mainly manages or controls the operation of the hardware components. It also provides a platform for developing and running application programs. System software is required to operate a computer system. for example,
Operating system, driver, firmware, language translator, etc..

Application software: Application software includes a set of codes that help users perform specific tasks using a computer system. It operates primarily on the front and requires a platform designed by the system software. However, the application software does not replace the core functions of the system. It is designed to meet the requirement of users to perform specific tasks like
Photoshop, web browsing, media manager, etc..

Software examples

The image above shows some popular system and application software. there is much more.


Hardware and software are two important components of computer systems and other electronic devices such as mobile phones, tablets, etc. Although they are essential and interdependent, there are many differences between the two (hardware and software). This article differentiates between hardware and software.



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