What coding languages do you need to know?
When first starting your coding journey, knowing where to start and what coding languages will give you the best opportunity to succeed as a developer can be challenging. Many coding bootcamps focus on one specific programming language, either front-end or back-end. This is not an ideal game plan. Focusing on either the front-end or back-end when you start will limit your growth because you will not be able to see the big picture.
Front-End Vs. Back-End vs. Full-Stack
To better understand how web applications are created, you need to understand the different layers. Modern websites and applications have two layers that are essential to how they work, and as someone just getting into web development, you should strive to understand how both the front-end and back-end of websites work.
What are front-end programming languages?
The Front-End of a website consists of everything the client sees through a web browser. This includes the structure, the images, the interactivity, and the styling of all the different web pages.
There are four different front-end programming languages you should focus your learning on:
What is HTML?
HTML, HyperText Markup Language, is the standard markup language for web pages. These elements are the building blocks of web pages and are represented by <> tags. This includes header tags, paragraph tags, images, videos, and all the fonts on a web page.
Here are four reasons you should know HTML:
- HTML provides the underlying structure of all web pages.
- HTML is the fundamental markup language.
- HTML creates a standardized system for organizing text files.
- Simple HTML text formats can be read and edited by any operating system.
What is CSS?
CSS, Cascading Style Sheets, is a styling language used to describe how HTML elements are to be viewed. This includes manipulating features like font sizes and colors and the ability to change the layout of web pages for different screen sizes.
Here are four reasons you should know CSS:
- CSS allows consistent styling throughout your web pages and applications easily.
- CSS is compatible across all browsers.
- Integrating CSS into your web pages can lead to faster page speeds.
- Implementing CSS responsive design allows for the same look and feel across different devices.
What is REACT?
Here are four reasons you should know REACT:
- REACT allows developers to create reusable user interface components for large and small web applications.
- REACT is an open-source library with a large and supportive community.
- REACT is the leading industry standard for front-end libraries.
- Testing with REACT is easier using programs like JEST and Enzyme.
What are back-end programming languages?
The back-end of a website refers to everything happening behind the scenes. The stuff you do not see. This is where all the data is stored. The back-end of a website consists of a server, an application, and a database.
The back end of a website maintains all the technologies that allow the front end to work in the first place. While there are a million different programming language combinations you could choose from to create a functional back-end for your website, here are the three best suited for individuals just starting on their coding journey.
What is Ruby?
Ruby is an object-oriented programming language created by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto. The goal was to develop a programming language focused on simplicity and productivity.
Here are four reasons you should know RUBY:
- Ruby is an expressive and intuitive language that is great for beginners.
- Ruby is a modular language that can link with many external libraries (called gems).
- Ruby is backed by a large and welcoming community with plenty of online documentation.
- Ruby is a great object-oriented programming language that is a joy to use with many utility.
What is RAILS?
Rails (Ruby-on-Rails) is a web application framework written in the Ruby programming language. Rails includes everything needed to create database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Controller (MVC).
Here are four reasons you should know RAILS:
- Rails is a Full-Stack Framework built in the Ruby programming language.
- Rails provides an extensive library of built-in tools that boost productivity.
- Rails is an excellent introduction to the Model-View-Controller (MVC), which divides a web application into three interconnected parts.
- Rails is easily configured and allow developers to build web applications faster.
What is PostgreSQL?
PostgreSQL is an open-source, object-relational database system that uses and builds upon the SQL language. PostgreSQL comes with many features designed to help developers build applications, manage, and protect their data no matter the size of the dataset.
Here are four reasons you should know PostgreSQL:
- The future is powered by data, and PostgreSQL is a solid data storage solution.
- Learning the principles of relational databases will unlock more power within PostgreSQL.
- PostgreSQL allows you to extract data from a database using SQL.
- PostgreSQL is one of the industry’s most powerful and standard relational database solutions.
Full-Stack Web Development – Bringing it all together
Now that you clearly understand how websites and web applications are built and the different layers inside each component, you can probably see why it is essential to know front-end and back-end programming languages. Understanding both of these will allow you to create web applications. In addition, possessing this skill-set makes you a Full-Stack Developer. Being a Full-Stack Developer is the perfect situation you need to be in and will make you tremendously valuable to employers. This skill-set will also allow you to further specialize in the programming languages you find most appealing.